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Formulating Sexual and Reproductive Health Behavior among Young Men in Bangladesh

CATALYST evaluators have expertise in a variety of research applications, including:

Formative Research for Program Development
Behavioral Intervention Research
Social Marketing and Communications Research
Health Services Research
Demographic Research
Program Monitoring
South-to-South Collaboration
Technical Assistance

 

Qualitative formative research to prevent HIV/AIDS/STI among youth

Reaching young men early with effective sexual and reproductive health information and interventions is vitally important in preventing the growth and spread of HIV/AIDS/STIs in Bangladesh. Programs inculcating motivations for behavior--the manner in which young men perceive themselves as being responsible for their own sexual and reproductive health and the processes by which they establish healthy sexual and reproductive behaviors--are likely to have a greater impact than programs restricting themselves solely to established behaviors such as consistent condom use, abstinence or mutual fidelity. To have the greatest potential impact, the manner in which social and normative patterns of sexual and reproductive health attitudes and behavior in young men are influenced and formed from early adolescence on must be explored.

Some recent examples of our work include:

The Formulation of Sexual and Reproductive Health Behavior among Young Men in Bangladesh

Improving the Adoption of Integral Postabortion Care (PAC) Services

South-to-South Collaboration
Colombia Health Sector Reform Case Study

 

A study underway in Dhaka, Bangladesh, conducted by the Bandhu Social Welfare Society, Naz Foundation International and the CATALYST Consortium, is conducting this exploration on three levels: a) the individual (the actor's attitudes and emotions); b) the interactional (how identified socialization agents impact the sexual scripting and thinking of young men); and c) the cultural (gender roles and expectations). The study will gather and analyze data on the sexual and social scripts of young men aged 10-24, residing in the thana of Demra, a district in Dhaka. Sixty-four males aged 10-15 will participate in the Participatory Learning and Action (PLA) segments. Older cohorts (64 young men aged 16-19 and 64 young men aged 20-24) will participate in focus group discussions or in-depth interviews. These two cohorts will be cross classified by educational level (0-4 and five or more years of education) and by length of residence (less than or greater than six months residence) and will include men of different sexual orientations. In addition, 24 socializing agents, 10 fathers/guardians and 10 mothers/guardians will be interviewed to understand the roles they play. Finally, in-depth interviews will be conducted with 12 men aged 20-24 with different sexual orientations.

The research themes to be explored include self and gender awareness; friendship and intimacy; sexual awareness and sexual messages; HIV/AIDS/STI; cultural/social/family expectations; young men's knowledge about their bodies, puberty, marriage, family planning and sexual behaviors; sources of information and knowledge; and the impact of that knowledge. The results will be presented to the ANE Bureau, USAID/Dhaka and other Bangladeshi organizations and will be used to assist in the design of strategies and interventions relating to the research themes for pre-adolescent and adolescent young men. A toolkit will be developed with interviewer training materials, protocols and a methodological approach that others can replicate.

Client: The Asia and Near East Region of USAID under the Regional HIV/AIDS Reproductive Health Initiative

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The CATALYST Consortium is a global activity funded by the United States Agency for International Development. For more information contact us at:

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